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Europe in a Globalizing World 1970-1985


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Veranstalter:Erasmus Academic Network LISBOAN; Kulturwissenschaftliches Institut Essen; Historisches Institut, Universität Duisburg-Essen
Datum, Ort:22.03.2012–23.03.2012, Essen, Kulturwissenschaftliches Institut

Research on international history agrees that international relations entered a new phase during the 1970s. World politics underwent fundamental transformations on at least three realms. First, the rapprochement between the US and China, the deterioration of the relations between the SU and China and détente between Washington and Moscow altered security and peace policy. Second, with the oil shock of 1973 the post-war economic world order broke down and changed the character of trade and other economic affairs. Third, social welfare and human rights as new policy fields arose on an international level against the background of a growth of civil society in the nation states. Low politics became of greater importance for political decision making: human rights within the CSCE process, development assistance or environmental protection.

Whereas the fact of international transformation is undisputed, the nature of this transformation is not completely understood. Whereas in the post-war period since 1945 the nation states established structures of international cooperation, the process of what we call globalization had just started in the 1970s. At the same time, for Western Europe the 1970s marked a decisive turning point in the process of integration. Since 1957 the European construction was restricted to economic affairs and the external dimension of the integration process was economic. The Hague Summit of 1969 marked the starting point of the EC’s search of its adequate role as a global actor. Economic strength and meaning were held as reason for resuming more responsibility in world politics. With the economic crises of the 70s and the challenge of détente the EC emerged as an actor on the security and international stage – a process that went parallel with the emancipation from the US leadership in world politics. Whereas the external personality of the Common Market in the Western world was uncontested, EPC was for the moment a new European experience. EPC was a successful actor in security and human rights questions (CSCE). On the economic realm new foreign trade relations were established between EC and the Eastern States (COMECON), with China and Japan. Furthermore, cooperation with the Mediterranean states and the less developed countries appeared on the European agenda. By that, Europe was to help to integrate different parts of the world.

Since we do not know much about the interaction between globalization and the institutional integration of Europe, the conference aims at defining the role of the EC in the network of multilateral politics in the 70s and early 80s more precisely and – vice versa – the influence of globalized world actors and institutions on the European construction.

Thursday, March 22

2.00 pm Introduction

2.30 pm SESSION I: Eastern Europe and the Process of Détente
Defensive and Transformative: the European Community’s Policy towards Comecon since the early 1970’s
Angela Romano, London School of Economics
The Crisis of Détente and the Emergence of a Common European Foreign Policy. The “Common European Polish Policy” as a Case Study
Sara Tavani, Luigi Sturzo Institut, Roma
France and the Crisis of Détente
Veronika Heyde, Institut für Zeitgeschichte, München
Helmut Schmidt, Germany and the Crisis of Détente
Wilfried Loth, Duisburg-Essen University
Chair: Jost Dülffer, Köln University

4.00 pm Coffee break

4.30 pm SESSION II: North-South Relations and Development Aid
The Lomé Convention and North-South Relations 1975-1985
Guia Migani, Università di Padova
The European Community during the Long Energy Crisis (1971-1981)
Giuliano Garavini, Università di Padova
France, Germany and the Lomé Convention
Lili Reyels, BMZ Berlin
Chair: Christoph Marx, Duisburg-Essen University

7.00 pm Dinner

Friday, March 23

9.00 am SESSION III: A New Global Actor: Asia
EC’s ASEAN Policy
Tomoya Kuroda, Université de Cergy-Pontoise
Negotiating the Japan-EC Trade Conflict: The Role and the Presence of the European Commission, the Council of Ministers and Business Groups in Europe and Japan 1970-1986
Hitoshi Suzuki, University of Niigata Prefecture
European Community and the People’s Republic of China, 1970-1980
Marie Julie Chenard, London School of Economics
Chair: Wolfram Kaiser, University of Portsmouth

10.45 am SESSION IV: The EC and its Neighbouring States
The EC and its Nordic Neighbours in International Politics
Robin Allers, Norwegian Institute for Defence Studies (IFS), Oslo
Exporting Democracy? European Social Democrats and the EC’s Southern Enlargement
Bernd Rother, Bundeskanzler-Willy-Brandt-Stiftung, Berlin
The EC’s Mediterranean Policy
Elena Calandri, Università di Padova
Chair: Antonio Varsori, Università di Padova

12.30 pm Lunch

2.00 pm SESSION V: Global Economy and International Monetary System
EEC and Tokyo Round
Lucia Coppolaro, Universidade de Lisboa
Europe and the Collapse of the IMS
Guido Thiemeyer, Université de Cergy-Pontoise
The European Management Symposium – a Non-State Actor and the European Community
Claudia Hiepel, Duisburg-Essen University
Chair: Sylvain Schirmann, Université de Strasbourg

3.30 pm Coffee break

4.00 pm SESSION VI: A New Policy Agenda
Sicco Mansholt and ,The Limits to Growth’
Johan van Merrienboer, Nijmegen University
Between National, Multilateral and Global Politics: European Environmental Policy in the 1970s
Thorsten Schulz-Walden, Cologne University
EC and the Foundation of the International Energy Agency (IEA)
Henning Türk, Duisburg-Essen University
Chair: Kiran Klaus Patel, Maastricht University

5.30 pm Conclusion: Wilfried Loth / Claudia Hiepel

7.00 pm Dinner


PD Dr. Claudia Hiepel
Historisches Institut, Universität Duisburg-Essen, 45117 Essen

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